Dr Paul Mulholland

Senior Research Fellow

My research is concerned with developing computational tools and methods to help people make sense of information, and develop and express their ideas. I have been a Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator on 12 national or European projects delivering outcomes including: technologies for the visitor use of archives and museum collections, mobile applications for formal and informal learning, automated narrative generation tools, and semantic and knowledge technologies for school and work-based learning. I have a first degree in psychology, a Masters degree in computing and PhD in cognitive science. I have published over 100 conference and journal articles. I am also Deputy Editor of the International Journal of Human Computer Studies.

As part of the European Union Horizon 2020 SPICE project I am working on tools and methods to support Citizen Curation, in which citizens are supported in developing personal interpretations of cultural artefacts, sharing their own perspective and understanding the perspectives of others.

Within the European Union Horizon 2020 Polifonia project I am working on the use of visualisation, gesture and haptic interfaces to create novel ways of interacting with musical content.

I work with Paul Warren investigating the usability of languages such as SPARQL for querying data.

In the OCGM project I worked with Terri Cole (University of Bournemouth) and the NCA comparing methods for assessing the risk posed by Organised Crime Groups.

I co-supervise PhD students carrying out research on topics such as tools for managing information overload, wearable sensors to support rehabilitation, end-user music programming, and tools for the development of musical skill.

I am interested in supervising further PhDs students related to my interests, in particular on topics concerned with technologies and methods to support Citizen Curation, and human interaction with complex data sources and notations.

I am a Deputy Associate Dean (Postgraduate Research Students) for the STEM faculty and chair of the university's Research Degrees Examination Result Approval Committee (RDRAC).


human computer interaction, technology enhanced learning, museum informatics, digital narratives, digital humanities, music computing


Seago, Allan , Holland, Simon and Mulholland, Paul(2004). Synthesizer user interface design - lessons learned from a heuristic review. Technical Report 2004/20; Department of Computing, The Open University.

Bellingham, Matt , Holland, Simon and Mulholland, Paul(2014). An analysis of algorithmic composition interaction design with reference to Cognitive Dimensions. Technical Report 2014/04; Department of Computing, The Open University.

Bonnin, Geoffray , Bayer, Vaclav, Fernandez, Miriam, Herodotou, Christothea , Hlosta, Martin and Mulholland, Paul(2023). CERSEI: Cognitive Effort Based Recommender System for Enhancing Inclusiveness. In: Responsive and Sustainable Educational Futures. EC-TEL 2023. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 14200, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Cham, pp. 692–697.

Mulholland, Paul, Stoneman, Adam,Carvalho, Jason, Daga, Enrico and Maguire, Mark(2023). Deep Viewpoints: Scripted Support for the Citizen Curation of Museum Artworks. In: Proceedings of the 34th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media, article no. 23.

Mulholland, Paul, Stoneman, Adam, Barker, Naomi , Maguire, Mark,Carvalho, Jason, Daga, Enrico and Warren, Paul(2023). The Sound of Paintings: Using Citizen Curation to Explore the Cross-Modal Personalization of Museum Experiences. In: UMAP '23 Adjunct: Adjunct Proceedings of the 31st ACM Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization, ACM, pp. 408–418.

Morales Tirado, Alba , Carvalho, Jason, Mulholland, Paul and Daga, Enrico(2023). Musical Meetups: a Knowledge Graph approach for Historical Social Network Analysis. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings: SEMMES 2023: Semantic Methods for Events and Stories workshop ESWC 2023 (Alam, Mehwish; Trojahn, Cassia; Hertling, Sven; Pesquita, Catia; Aebeloe, Christian; Aras, Hidir; Azzam, Amr; Cano, Juan; Domingue, John; Gottschalk, Simon; Hartig, Olaf; Hose, Katja; Kirrane, Sabrina; Lisena, Pasquale; Osborne, Francesco; Rohde, Philipp; Steels, Luc; Taelman, Ruben; Third, Aisling; Tiddi, Ilaria and Türker, Rima eds.), CEUR Workshop Proceedings (CEUR-WS.org), 3443.

Lederman, Noam , Holland, Simon and Mulholland, Paul(2023). An agent for creative development in drum kit playing. In: PPIG 2022: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Workshop of the Psychology of Programming Interest Group (Holland, Simon; Petre, Marian; Church, Luke and Marasoiu, Mariana eds.), Proceedings of the Psychology of Programming Interest Group, PPIG, Milton Keynes, UK, pp. 88–90.

Carvalho, Jason, Daga, Enrico, Asprino, Luigi, Gangemi, Aldo, Maguire, Mark,Mulholland, Paul, Stoneman, Adam and Uwasomba, Chukwudi (2023). SPICE Linked Data Hub - Data infrastructure and tools to support Citizen Curation. In: ExICE - Extended Intelligence for Cultural Engagement, 15 Mar 2023, Bologna.

Herodotou, Christothea , Maguire, Claire , Hlosta, Martin and Mulholland, Paul(2023). Predictive Learning Analytics and University Teachers: Usage and perceptions three years post implementation. In: LAK2023: LAK23: 13th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference, pp. 68–78.

Warren, Paul and Mulholland, Paul(2022). Edge-labelled graphs and property graphs - to the user, more similar than different. In: KGSWC 2022: Knowledge Graphs and Semantic Web. 4th Iberoamerican Conference and third Indo-American Conference, 21-23 Nov 2022, Madrid, Spain.