Dr Paul Mulholland

Senior Research Fellow

My research is concerned with developing computational tools and methods to help people make sense of information, and develop and express their ideas. I have been a Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator on 12 national or European projects delivering outcomes including: technologies for the visitor use of archives and museum collections, mobile applications for formal and informal learning, automated narrative generation tools, and semantic and knowledge technologies for school and work-based learning. I have a first degree in psychology, a Masters degree in computing and PhD in cognitive science. I have published over 100 conference and journal articles. I am also Deputy Editor of the International Journal of Human Computer Studies.

As part of the European Union Horizon 2020 SPICE project I am working on tools and methods to support Citizen Curation, in which citizens are supported in developing personal interpretations of cultural artefacts, sharing their own perspective and understanding the perspectives of others.

Within the European Union Horizon 2020 Polifonia project I am working on the use of visualisation, gesture and haptic interfaces to create novel ways of interacting with musical content.

I work with Paul Warren investigating the usability of languages such as SPARQL for querying data.

In the OCGM project I worked with Terri Cole (University of Bournemouth) and the NCA comparing methods for assessing the risk posed by Organised Crime Groups.

I co-supervise PhD students carrying out research on topics such as tools for managing information overload, wearable sensors to support rehabilitation, end-user music programming, and tools for the development of musical skill.

I am interested in supervising further PhDs students related to my interests, in particular on topics concerned with technologies and methods to support Citizen Curation, and human interaction with complex data sources and notations.

I am a Deputy Associate Dean (Postgraduate Research Students) for the STEM faculty and chair of the university's Research Degrees Examination Result Approval Committee (RDRAC).


human computer interaction, technology enhanced learning, museum informatics, digital narratives, digital humanities, music computing


Wecker, Alan, Kuflik, Tsvi,Mulholland, Paul, Diaz-Agudo, Belen and Pedersen, Thomas ,(2021). Introducing empathy into recommender systems as a tool for promoting social cohesion. In: Workshop on Social and Cultural Integration with Personalized Interfaces (SOCIALIZE), 13 Apr 2021, College Station, TX (Online), ACM.

Mulholland, Paul, Daga, Enrico, Daquino, Marilena, Díaz-Kommonen, Lily, Gangemi, Aldo, Kulfik, Tsvi, Wecker, Alan, Maguire, Mark, Peroni, Silvio and Pescarin, Sofia ,(2021). Enabling multiple voices in the museum: Challenges and approaches. Digital Culture & Society (In Press).

Kuflik, T.,Mulholland, P. and Wecker, A. J.(2021). Tourist recommendations with a touch of SPICE: A TRS with deep cultural understanding. In: 2021 Workshop on Web Tourism, WebTour 2021, 12 Mar 2021, Jerusalem; Israel, pp. 19–20.

Lederman, Noam , Holland, Simon and Mulholland, Paul(2020). A principled approach to the development of drum improvisation skills through interaction with a conversational agent. In: PPIG 2020 - 31st Annual Workshop, 30 Nov - 4 Dec 2020, Online.

Bruni, Luis Emilio,Daga, Enrico, Damiano, Rossana, Diaz, Lily, Kuflik, Tsvi, Lieto, Antonio, Gangemi, Aldo,Mulholland, Paul, Peroni, Silvio, Pescarin, Sofia and Wecker, Alan ,(2020). Towards Advanced Interfaces for Citizen Curation. In: AVI2CH 2020: Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces and Interactions in Cultural Heritage, 29 Sep 2020, Ischia, Italy.

Warren, Paul and Mulholland, Paul(2020). A comparison of the cognitive difficulties posed by SPARQL query constructs. In: Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. EKAW 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 12387 (Keet, C. M. and Dumontier, M. eds.), Springer, Cham, pp. 3–19.

Georgiou, Theodoros , Islam, Riasat , Holland, Simon, Linden, Janet Van Der, Price, Blaine, Mulholland, Paul and Perry, Allan(2020). Rhythmic Haptic Cueing Using Wearable Devices as Physiotherapy for Huntington Disease: Case Study. JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies, 7(2), article no. 18589.

Mulholland, Paul, (1997). Using a fine-grained comparative evaluation technique to understand and design software visualization tools. In: ESP '97: Papers presented at the Seventh Workshop on Empirical Studies of Programmers (Wiedenbeck, Susan and Scholtz, Jean eds.), Association for Computing Machinery, New York, pp. 91–108.

Mulholland, Paul and Cole, Terri(2020). A Comparison of Attribute-Focused and Harm-Focused Methods for Assessing the Risk of Organized Crime Groups: Are They in Agreement? Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice (Early Access).

Islam, Riasat , Bennasar, Mohamed, Nicholas, Kevin, Button, Kate,Holland, Simon, Mulholland, Paul, Price, Blaine and Al-Amri, Mohammad(2020). A Nonproprietary Movement Analysis System (MoJoXlab) Based on Wearable Inertial Measurement Units Applicable to Healthy Participants and Those With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Across a Range of Complex Tasks: Validation Study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 8(6), article no. e17872.